The day was first announced in 1948 by the UN to promote awareness of human rights issues around the world and highlights the UN's efforts to improve the human rights situation in the world.
What looks obvious to us, was not acceptable in times when people did not have the natural rights we enjoy today. The philosopher John Locke gave the basis for determining the basic human rights which is based on a liberal.
According to Locke the person is an individual, with wisdom and ability to manage his life and to take responsibility for his actions. Power has no authority to take from a man his rights.
These rights are: right to live (whole body), the right to liberty, from which derivatives: Freedom of thought and opinion, which means an individual's freedom to form his opinion freely on any subject. This right must not stop, even if the opinion is considered dangerous and harmful, as long as it is not expressed externally. Liberty means freedom of conscience of man of his convictions morality and values, and to act or refuse to act on them. The right to act or refuse to act according to them, sometimes restricted. Freedom of religion (which also includes "freedom from religion"), freedom of movement, freedom of occupation. Freedom of expression includes the freedom of the press, the right to demonstrate and protest, freedom of speech. Intellectual property rights including intellectual property and materials, the right to a fair trial. The right to dignity, which are derived: the right to equality before the law, the right to protection from the language of evil (the right to reputation), the right to privacy.
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